Tag Archives: Obesity

Problems Of Overweight & Obesity

These terms overweight and obesity can be described as the accumulation of excess or abnormal fat in the body that may impact the health state of an individual negatively.
In adults, the Body Mass Index (BMI) is a simple parameter for weight and height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obese individuals weight in kilogram(kg) by the square of his/her height in meters(m^2). BMI = kg / m2.

For Adults,

World Health Organization(WHO) defines obesity and overweight as follows;
Obesity is a BMI greater than or equal to 30kg / m2 and,
Overweight as a BMI greater than or equal to 25kg / m2.
BMI is a way of measuring overweight and obesity for taking population based measurement, and is the same for every adult both male and female of all age. But, this should be taken as a rough guide because it may not be the same data in all individuals.

For Children,

Age needs to be considered when defining overweight and obesity here.
For children under the age of 5;
Overweight is weight-for-height greater than 2 standard deviations and above, HWO child growth standards median; and
Obesity is weight-for-height greater than 3 standard deviations and above, the WHO child growth standards median.

A different case goes for children 5-19years of age, here overweight and obesity is defined as follows;
Overweight is BMI for age greater than 1 standard deviation and above the WHO growth reference median; and
Obesity is greater than 2 standard deviations and above the WHO growth reference median.

Facts On Overweight And Obesity

Around 2016; about 13% of the total world population was seen as obese, out of these figures, 11% where men while 15% where women. Around the same time about 41million children below 15years where obese, while 340 million children between age 5-19years where overweight. Obesity has for long been seen as an issue for high-income countries. Anyway, things are presently changing as there has as of late been an ascent in weight on both middle and low pay countries as well. For example, since 2000 there has been an increase in addition of weight related cases in Africa where the number has been heightening with an expected estimation of half in children. In Asia, about portion of children younger than age 5 where viewed as overweight or obese in information gathered in 2016. More death have been connected to obesity and overweight when compared with death from underweight related cases.

Causes Of Overweight & Obesity
The main cause of overweight and obesity is energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories spent. Worldwide, there has been; * an increased consumption of energy-dense food that are high in fat and sugar and * an increase in physical inactivity due to the increasing sedentary nature of many forms of work, changing models of transportation, and increasing urbanization.
Changes in dietary and physical activities(exercise) patterns are usually the result of environmental and social changes associated with development and lack of supportive policies in sectors like urban planning, agriculture, marketing, health, transport, food processing, environment, education and distribution.

Health Problems Associated With Overweight & Obesity
An increase in BMI level can lead to some noncommunicable diseases like;
* Diabetes(kidney & colon ),
* Cardiovascular disease(heart disease and stroke) these cause death,
* Musculoskeletal disorders(osteoarthritis),
* Cancer(breast, prostate, liver, kidney, colon, ovarian and so on).
The problem of the disease has additionally been found to increase with the expansion in the level of BMI.
A few in-capacities and unexpected losses have been connected to youth overweight where children develop to adulthood with the condition.
Obese kids additionally experience difficulty in breathing, hypertension and opposition in insulin, crack increase and mental impacts. Overweight, obesity and other non-transmittable ailment can be counteracted. A people group and condition, which is steady, are enter in the forming of people groups decisions. Individuals  can settle on the best decision as far as eating more beneficial nourishment s and standard physical activities, which will come full circle to decrease and avoidance of obese and overweight related issue. Privately, someone can increase the intake of fat and sugary sustenance s and increase the intake of vegetables, organic products, nuts and grains. People ought to likewise participate in quality exercises.

The food processing industry can play a major role in promoting healthy diets by;

* Reducing the fat, sugar and salt content of processed food,
* Ensuring that healthy and nutritious choices are available and affordable to all consumers.
* Restricting marketing of food high in sugars, salt and fats, especially those food aimed at children and teenagers; and
* Ensuring the availability of healthy food choices and supporting regular physical activity practice in the workplace.

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Problem Of Obesity And It’s Solutions

Obesity is a serious health condition caused by the accumulation of excess fat in the body, the weight of an obese individual is always higher than the normal or a healthy body weight,a normal body weight will have BMI range from 18.5-24.9kg/m^2, it is different from overweight which is excess weight, which can happen from weight that come from muscle, bone, fat and body water. Body Mass Index(BMI) is used to measure obesity.

Adult Body Mass Index Body Mass Index(BMI) is a person’s weight in kilogram (kg) divided by the square of his/her height in meters.

BMI=weight(kg)/hxh(m^2) in kg/m^2 If your body mass index is above 30kg/m^ 2, you are said to be obese.

Obese can be classified into three different types, which are class I, class ll, and class lll obesity, a class one obesity has a BMI 30-35kg/m^2, class two obesity has a BMI range from 35-40kg/m^2 while class three obesity has a BMI 40 and above. The Class ll and III obesity can be further classified into severe obesity of BMI >35 or 40kg/m^2, or morbid obesity having a BMI >40-44.9kg/m^2, and a super obesity having a BMI >40 or 50kg/m^2.

It is caused commonly by excess consumption of food and non or lack of exercise or physical activities, the consumption of excess fat and sugary food is a major contributor to obesity. Obese individuals have greater energy expenditure than their normal counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body weight. A very small percentage of obesity is caused primarily by genetics, medical reasons or psychiatric illness and other factors like smoking, hormonal dis-function, insufficient sleep, pregnancy etc.

Hence, it is associated with some health problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus type 2, obstructive sleep apena, death and some types of cancer, osteoarthritis of the knee and asthma. Obesity has been found to reduce life expectancy. Individuals with obesity are often stigmatized against in work places, buses, transportation companies and in some cultures, it is referred to as a disease, there are places where obese are charged extra for space and weight compared to their normal counterparts.

Finally, this problem can be managed by treatments that consist of reduced intake of low calorie diet for weight loss and increased exercise or physical activities. A combination of exercise and consuming lower food energy diet permanently will lead to weight loss in the long run. In the short-term, low carbohydrate diet appear better than fat diets for weight loss. In the lung run; however, all types of low-carbohydrate and low-fat diet appear equally beneficial for weight loss. Reduction in the consumption of sugary, processed and packaged food and drinks will also be helpful for weight loss. In general, a reduction in calories to 1200-1500 and increased physical activities will be helpful in solving obese or related problem, you can follow the direction on this blog for more on how to lose weight. There are other treatments of severe obesity like bariatric surgery which include laparascopic adjustable gastric binding, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, vertical sleeve gastectomy and billiopancreatic diversion, this helps in reduced caloric intake by limiting the size of the stomach.

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