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Health History, Types & Preservatives

Man, wife and daughter on health exercise.

Health history


Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity – WHO (World Health Organization)

THE HISTORY OF HEALTH

The meaning of health has evolved/changed over the years. In the biomedical perspective, health definition is focused on mainly the body’s ability to function; well-being was seen as a state of normal body function that could be disrupted by disease from time to time. An example of the biomedical definition is “a state characterized by anatomic, physiologic and psychological integrity; ability to perform personally valued family, work and community roles; ability to deal with physical, biological, psychological and social stress.

The current WHO definition of health as stated above was proposed in 1948. But then it was described as a radical departure from the biomedical definition of health, and as such it was welcomed by some health expert as innovative, it was also criticized by other health experts as vague, excessively broad and not measurable. As a result, this definition of health by the WHO was abandoned and the biomedical definition of health was used for a long time.

In 1984, the WHO revised the definition of health, defined it as the Extent to which people or group realizes their aspirations and satisfy needs and to change or cope with the environment. So well-being is a resources not an objective of living; it is a positive concept, emphasizing social and personal resources as well as physical capacities”. Hence, well-being is the ability to maintain homeostasis and recover from problems. Mental, intellectual, emotional and social well-being referred to a person’s ability to handle stress, acquire skills, maintain relationships all those form resources for resiliency and independent relationships.

In the United States, the federal health people program has been a visible content to approach and improving population well-being. Every ten years, a new version of healthy people initiative is issued; which includes new set goals, topic areas, objectives for well-being improvement in the succeeding years. The healthy people 2020 give more prominence to well-being promotion, prevention methods and the importance of social well-being. The use of newly expanded digital interface rather than bulky printed books, the impact of these well-being changes will be determined in the future.

Promotion of good health, cure and prevention of well-being Problems in human beings are undertaken by healthcare provider’s were ‘as animal health and undertaken by veterinary science/medicine.

The term health is broadly applied to organizations and their impact on human life, example healthy communities, and healthy cities/environments. Besides well-being interventions and environment other factor that influence well-being of people include background, lifestyle and economic, social condition and beliefs all of these are regarded as determinant of well-being. Stress can also cause ill health.

 

 

DETERMINANTS OR FACTORS OF GOOD HEALTH

The wages of life of an individual is very important for this well-being status and quality of life. Practically, good well-being is maintained not based on health science but also on smart and in termed decision of individual societies. According to WHO, the main determinant of health include socio-economic environment, the people’s environment characteristics and behaviors.

Specifically, factors that influence health are;

 1. Income and social status,
 2. Social support network,
 3. Education and literacy level,
 4. Work condition,
 5. Social environments,
 6. Physical environments,
 7. Healthy practices,
 8. Culture,
 9. Gender,
 10. Health-care service,
 11. Biology and genetics,
 12. Healthy child development and so on.

TYPES OF HEALTH INCLUDES

Health can be either physical or mental health, spiritual, emotional and financial well-being also contribute to small health.

 

PRESERVING HEALTH

Good health can be preserved through living a healthful lifestyle rather than waiting for sickness or disease to come before addressing health problems. Some individuals use the term wellness to describe a continual state of improved well-being.

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Improve Your Well-Being – How Your Attitude to Health Can Help

What is Health?

How do you define health? Is it a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being? Is it merely the absence of disease or infirmity? Or is health a resource for everyday life, rather than the objective of living; a positive concept, emphasis social and personal resources as well as physical capabilities?

Good health is harder to define than bad health (which can be equated with the presence of disease), because it must convey a concept more positive than mere absence of disease, and there is a variable area between health and disease. Health is clearly a complex, multidimensional concept. Health is, ultimately, poorly defined and difficult to measure, despite impressive efforts by epidemiologists, vital statisticians, social scientists and political economists. Each individual’s health is shaped by many factors, including medical care, social circumstances, and behavioral choices.

Health Care

While it is true to say that health care is the prevention, treatment and management of illness, and the preservation of mental and physical well-being, through the services offered by the medical, nursing and allied health professions, health-related behaviour is influenced by our own values, which are determined by upbringing, by example, by experience, by the company one keeps, by the persuasive power of advertising (often a force of behaviour that can harm health), and by effective health education. Healthy individuals are able to mobilise all their physical, mental, and spiritual resources to improve their chances of survival, to live happy and fulfilling lives, and to be of benefit to their dependants and society.

Achieving health, and remaining healthy, is an active process. Natural health is based on prevention, and on keeping our bodies and minds in good shape. Health lies in balancing these aspects within the body through a regimen consisting of diet, exercise, and regulation of the emotions. The last of these is too often ignored when health advice is dispensed, but can have a pronounced effect on physical well-being.

Diet

Every day, or so it seems, new research shows that some aspect of lifestyle – physical activity, diet, alcohol consumption, and so on – affects health and longevity. Physical fitness is good bodily health, and is the result of regular exercise, proper diet and nutrition, and proper rest for physical recovery. The field of nutrition also studies foods and dietary supplements that improve performance, promote health, and cure or prevent disease, such as fibrous foods to reduce the risk of colon cancer, or supplements with vitamin C to strengthen teeth and gums and to improve the immune system. When exercising, it becomes even more important to have a good diet to ensure that the body has the correct ratio of macronutrients whilst providing ample micronutrients; this is to aid the body in the recovery process following strenuous exercise.

If you’re trying to lose weight by “dieting”, don’t call it a diet, first of all – successful dieters don’t call what they do a “diet”. A healthy diet and regular physical activity are both important for maintaining a healthy weight. Even literate, well-educated people sometimes have misguided views about what makes or keeps them healthy, often believing that regular daily exercise, regular bowel movements, or a specific dietary regime will alone suffice to preserve their good health. Despite the ever-changing, ever-conflicting opinions of the medical experts as to what is good for us, one aspect of what we eat and drink has remained constantly agreed by all: a balanced diet.

A balanced diet comprises a mixture of the main varieties of nutriments (protein, carbohydrates, fats, minerals, and vitamins). Proper nutrition is just as, if not more, important to health as exercise. If you’re concerned about being overweight, you don’t need to add the extra stress of “dieting”. No “low-fat this” or “low-carb that”; just healthful eating of smaller portions, with weight loss being a satisfying side effect. Improve health by eating real food in moderation. (For many reasons, not everyone has easy access to or incentives to eat a balanced diet. Nevertheless, those who eat a well-balanced diet are healthier than those who do not.)

Exercise

Physical exercise is considered important for maintaining physical fitness and overall health (including healthy weight), building and maintaining healthy bones, muscles and joints, promoting physiological well-being, reducing surgical risks, and strengthening the immune system. Aerobic exercises, such as walking, running and swimming, focus on increasing cardiovascular endurance and muscle density. Anaerobic exercises, such as weight training or sprinting, increase muscle mass and strength. Proper rest and recovery are also as important to health as exercise, otherwise the body exists in a permanently injured state and will not improve or adapt adequately to the exercise. The above two factors can be compromised by psychological compulsions (eating disorders, such as exercise bulimia, anorexia, and other bulimias), misinformation, a lack of organisation, or a lack of motivation.

Ask your doctor or physical therapist what exercises are best for you. Your doctor and/or physical therapist can recommend specific types of exercise, depending on your particular situation. You can use exercises to keep strong and limber, improve cardiovascular fitness, extend your joints’ range of motion, and reduce your weight. You should never be too busy to exercise. There’s always a way to squeeze in a little exercise, no matter where you are. Eliminate one or maybe even two items from your busy schedule to free up time to fit in some exercise and some “YOU” time. Finding an exercise partner is a common workout strategy.

Emotions

You may have heard about the benefits of diet and exercise ad nauseam, but may be unaware of the effect that your emotions can have on your physical well-being and, indeed, your longevity. Like physical health, mental health is important at every stage of life. Mental health is how we think, feel, and act in order to face life’s situations. Prolonged psychological stress may have a negative impact on health, such as weakening the immune system.

Children are particularly vulnerable. Caring for and protecting a child’s mental health is a major part of helping that child to grow into a normal adult, accepted into society. Mental health problems are not just a passing phase. Children are at greater risk for developing mental health problems when certain factors occur in their lives or environments. Mental health problems include depression, bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness), attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, schizophrenia and conduct disorder. Do your best to provide a safe and loving home and community for your child, as well as nutritious meals, regular health check-ups, immunisations and exercise. Many children experience mental health problems that are real and painful, and they can be severe. Mental health problems affect at least one in every five young people at any given time. Tragically, an estimated two-thirds of all young people with mental health problems are not getting the help they need. Mental health problems can lead to school failure, alcohol or other drug abuse, family discord, violence, or even suicide. A variety of signs may point to a possible mental health problem in a child or teenager. Talk to your doctor, a school counsellor, or other mental health professionals who are trained to assess whether your child has a mental health problem.

Control your emotions. If a driver overtakes you on the wrong side, or pulls out of a side road in front of you, don’t seethe with rage and honk your horn; You’re hurting no one but yourself by raising your blood pressure. Anger has been linked to heart disease, and research has suggested that hardening of the arteries occurs faster in people who score highly in hostility and anger tests. Stay calm in such situations, and feel proud of yourself for doing so. Take comfort in the knowledge that such aggressive drivers only increase their own blood pressure. Your passengers will be more impressed with your “cool” than with your irascibility.

If you are in a constant rush, feeling that every second of your life counts, just slow down a little. Yes, every second does count, but consider the concept of quality of life. Compare how you feel when you’re in a hurry with how you feel when you’re not. Which feels better? Rushing everywhere increases your stress level. The body tries to overcome stress by making certain physiological adjustments. Some time after you slow down, the physiological adjustments and the stress symptoms revert to normal. If you don’t ever slow down, the physiological adjustments and the stress symptoms persist. It is this persistence of the body’s response that matters. You may develop physical, physiological or psychological problems, and may not be able to lead a normal life. Many cases of stress are somehow connected with money, or rather the lack of it. Such people struggle to make ends meet or to acquire more material possessions. This brings us to our final discussion: attitude.

Attitude

It is always pleasant to enjoy the fruits of our labours, of course. Sometimes, however, it seems that whatever we do, it’s just not enough to be able to afford that new car or that foreign holiday. So, what do we usually do then? We work harder, longer; we increase the stress on our minds and bodies; we spend less time with our families and friends; we become more irascible and less likeable people. If you find yourself in this situation, just stop for a moment, and consider: Is it all worth it? What is the purpose of life? Surely it is to be happy. You’ll probably be happier if you adopt the philosophy that true quality of life is not to be found in material things. If you convince yourself that you want less, you’ll need less. If you need less, you’ll cope with life more easily, and the happier, and therefore healthier, you’ll be. Buddha called this “enlightenment”. Enjoy a “good-health attitude”. Focus on your abilities instead of disabilities. Be satisfied with what you have, rather than be dissatisfied about what you don’t have and probably never will have.

If you simply cannot cope with a healthy diet, exercise and emotional control, but genuinely prefer to eat junk food, be permanently drunk, be under constant stress, and be disliked by others, then enjoy your life while it lasts, but understand that the trade-off is that it will probably not last long. If you accept this willingly, you’ll be happy. There is some merit in the philosophy that it is better to live a short, happy life than a long, miserable one.

Conclusion

Personal or individual health is largely subjective. For most individuals and for many cultures, however, health is a philosophical and subjective concept, associated with contentment, and often taken for granted when all is going well. The evidence that behavioural factors such as diet, physical activity, smoking and stress influence health is overwhelming. Thus, health is maintained and improved not only through the advancement and application of health science, but also through the efforts and intelligent lifestyle choices of the individual and society. Perhaps the best thing you can do for your health is to keep a positive attitude. Optimal health can be defined as a balance of physical, emotional, social, spiritual and intellectual health. Maintain a positive attitude!

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Occupation/Workplace Health Management

wellness image for work place health

workplace health

What is occupation/workplace health?

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), occupation health is defined as a state of total physical, mental and social well-being of workers and employees in all occupation. It is the physical and mental condition of human related to his work activity and freedom from illness or disease arising from their nature of job or exposure of work related physical, chemical, biological, psychological and mechanical harzard.

OBJECTIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

1.Protection: It helps to protect the well-being of workers, that is protection for the harzards.
2. Promotion: It helps to promote the well-being of workers by identification and evaluation.
3. Prevention: It also helps to prevent spread of disease and work condition harzard.

4. Health assurance: It helps to assure healthy work environment and improvement of employee wellness combined with professional and social improvement at work places.

IMPORTANCE OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

Occupational health is important because it helps to understand and evaluate an employee work performance and commitment based on their health, the health state of employee can cause presence or absence from work, the well-being of worker can be determined by several factors, including risk factors at work that cause cancer, hearing loss, accidents, body disorder, circulatory disorder, stress, fatigue and communicable disease.

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH HARZARD

This is a work condition that may cause harm to workers either physically, mentally or socially for that work environment. Health harzard identification, evaluation and control is the topmost part of occupational health management to prevent occupational disease.

Occupational health harzard can be grouped into five main areas:

  1. Physical harzards: This can e exposure to high temperature, dangerous radiations, vibration, noises and low visibility or illumination.
  2. Chemical harzards: This can be excess exposure to toxic chemical or substances, dusts, mist, vapour, gas, fumes, solid or liquid that can harm health by either skin contact, inhaling or ingestion.
  3. Biological harzards: Includes exposure to dangerous bacteria, fungi, viruses by touching inhaling or ingestion, this can cause infection or disease.
  4. Psychological harzard: This includes unsatisfied job, pressure, stress, insecurity, low interpersonal relations skill and more.
  5. Mechanical harzard: This include walking, lifting, loading, machining, holding, carrying, guarding of moving parts, unsafe material handling and more, this can be caused by poor design of the workplace.

Occupational health program is a broad program designed for prevention of occupational related disease or sickness by frequent monitoring of workplace, early identification, evaluation and control of occupational health harzards. It helps to keep records of employee medical database for steady or future health cases, monitoring, evaluation diagnosis and analyst helps organization to understand or comply with legal and future work environment requirement.

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT

Occupational health management process need to be improved, implemented and maintained to prevent occupational disease by advocating for safe and healthy working practices and environments.

Occupational health management includes establishment, implementing, maintaining and improving of the health organisation framework, health training and education.

Occupational health harzards identification, risk assessment and assurance of controls to prevent the occupational disease, different procedures for health promotion and enhancement in social health, workers promotional activities and different types of improvement campaign, addiction prevention programs, pre-employment medical examination, periodic checkups, hygiene, exposure survey, inspection, Audits and management reporting and review and so on.

Occupational health management in workplaces may include:

1.Perfect and Hygienic eating facilities
2. Enough visibility/illumination in the work places
3. Protection from excess hot or cold temperatures etc.

Occupation health centers, this located in the workplace/on site environment for emergency case of harzard exposure to employee.

Occupational health services: This is offered by some health institution no necessarily closer to work environment, they provide health services for employee of companies in the clinics. Occupation health education is very important to educate employee on physical, mental and social well-being. An individual can go as far as obtaining a bachelor degree in occupational health education and safety.

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Healthcare Parts, Access, Factors

Doctor, mummy and child testing with stestoscope.

healthcare



Healthcare, health-care or health care is maintain or improving of well-being through prevention, diagnosis, treatment, recovering or care of disease, illness, injuries and physical and mental problems in individuals.

Healthcare is delivered by health professionals and allied health fields

PARTS OF HEALTHCARE INCLUDE:-

i.  Nursing
ii. Medicine,
iii. Dentistry  
iv. Pharmacy   
v. midwifery,
vi. optometry, 
vii.  Audiology,
viii. Physiology
ix. Occupational Therapy
x. Physical Therapy
xi. Athletic training
xiii. Other health experts.

It includes effort in providing primary, secondary, tertiary and public healthcare.

Access to healthcare might vary between countries, territory, towns, communities and peoples, it can be influenced by socioeconomic conditions and health polices. The provision of health care services means the use of personal health services to achieve quality health-care at the shortest possible time.

FACTORS TO CONSIDER IN HEALTHCARE ARE:

1. Finance (insurance coverage) 
2. Distances (proximity)    
3. Personal limitation (literacy level, communication, low income)

These factors effect the delivery of quality healthcare

Healthcare systems are groups of non-governmental organization put in place to meet health needs of a particular people. A well established healthcare system requires good finance framework, well trained and paid health experts workforce, reliable information database and well maintained facilities to deliver quality medicines and technology.

A country with  quality health care system will see positive contribution to her economy, development and industrialization. Healthcare is regarded very important  in determining the general physical and mental health of the whole world.

TYPES OF MODERN HEALTHCARE DELIVERY(health can be either public in private)

first, the delivery of modern health care relies on groups of trained health and para-health professional who come together as a team to deliver health services. This include professionals in medicine, psychology, physiotherapy, nursing, dentist, midwife and allied health experts along with public, community health practitioners and assistive personal. Who work together to provide personal and population based preventive, cure and rehabilitative care services.

Despite the fact that definition for healthcare may vary depending on culture, politics organization and discipline, there is general agreement that primary care is the first element of a continuing healthcare process and may include the provision of secondary and tertiary healthcare.

Primary Care

This is the first of contact for all patients in the health system such professional can either be a nurse, doctor , general practitioner, primary care physician licensed health individual in on the type of illness, the present can be referred for a secondary or tertiary care. Primary care involves urgent medical care for individuals/patience of all ages, health, condition they treats very broad types of illness and disease boil acute and chronic ones as a result of this, they provider needs to possess a wide knowledge in many areas. They teach health education and also disease prevention to the public and community find out the zonal control number of you local primary care provider for emergency cases.

Secondary care

This includes acute care, important treatment for short period of time for a brief but serious illness. Injury or other health condition. This care can be found in emergency department of hospitals. Secondary healthcare include skilled attendance during  child birth, intensive care and medical imaging services. A Secondary health-care professional may or may not work in the hospital depending on the national healthcare policy, eg. A dental specialist, physiotherapy, psychiatrists, psychologist, etc.

Tertiary care

This depend on referral from primary or secondary care, it is a specialized consultative services. It is an advanced medical investigation and treatment eg. Cancer management, neurosurgery, cardiac surgery , plastic surgery and so on .

Quaternary care

This is an extension of tertiary health care, it is advanced level of highly specialized and not widely used medicine. And some uncommon experimental and surgical procedure and as such it is limited.

Home and community care

This is care away from the hospital like health education. Prevention education food safety, needle exchanged program, self and home care, social care, community rehabilitation, care for aged schools healthcare and so on.

Ratings

Health care rating are rating or evaluation of healthcare used to evaluate the process and quality of care and health care structure and healthcare services.

Related sectors

Sectors related health care system are as follows:

 1.Health care industry
 2.Health care research
 3.Health care financing
4. Administration and regulatory
5. Health information and technology.

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Sound Healthcare For Better Future

Sound healthcare is a basic human right and the basis of every economic development, still for a lot of individual around the world it is still difficult to achieve. A lot of developments had been made, such as increasing in life  expectancy but these progress are not effective to reach everybody.

But, prevention is always better than cure, visiting the doctor for yearly medical assessment and eating a healthy balanced diet are the most notable ways to avoid illnesses and disease. Sometimes, there are periods when disease do occur despite we are living healthy or not, having a private healthcare expert program can help to encourage the patient, managers, caregivers and also their families.

Requirement for care

From the moment an infant is conceived, health items are now required. Things that are needed will range from nursing cushions, breastfeeding stuffs, and diapers are among the numerous things that can be bought in a health blessing shops.

As the child is born and reach the child stage, coach glasses and different utensils are required. From now on the mother need to be fit, doing exercises in different types and taking food supplements that helps in breastfeeding are needed. Stomach fasteners are also required for mothers who were operated (C-area).

Essentially, in every stage of life there are healthcare item required to reinstall, fix issues or care for a problem.

Solution for Better Healthcare

Well-being is money that is what we should know, the human body is not something that you can exchange as spare parts. Having a retail healthcare product is the answer to accommodate a lot of people, healthcare frameworks, sound healthcare offices and medical clinics.

Advantages of Better Care

Whatever services patient, individuals or clients may need, that is what they will see from health programs, offices and from emergency clinics or healthcare framework. As a result of this there will be improvement in client result.

Healthcare Business Opportunity

Investing into the healthcare business is a very profitable and rewarding ventures in this current situation. Findings shows that a lot of individuals this days are fast becoming health consciousness. Exposure or vulnerable to disease is something that is very simple experience.

Clients rush to health places for health classes, wellness workshops and other healthful exercises. Combining sound healthcare or wellness products and supplements as blessing things make it one of the marketable blessing shop items.

Healthcare Service Provider

A situation whereby you are a healthcare emergency clinic, center or care framework supplier, finding the perfect individual to trust in retail healthcare items is the greatest thing. These are the following rules that will distinguish an extraordinary supplier:

  • Have a strong alliance with trusted healthcare industry specializes and asset, so as to help them get recognized and execute healthcare and online business services.
  • Have a strong business strategy.
  • Have an extraordinary guide framework or retail shop that will help in acquiring customers decision.
  • Have a perfect web based business framework.
  • Have the ability to process a remarkable retail location idea.
  • Have the ability to furnish successful business activity with long time of involvement.
  • Have the ability to create plans or store plans to the main store for example blessing shop plans.
  • Have the ability to give store plans, activity rules and the executives for retail drug store arrangements.
  • Have the ability to give the best brand of blessing shop and drug store things.
  • Have the ability to improve retail healthcare offering.

Most importantly,
It may be very interesting to know that a retail healthcare product supplier will really want to find out the most recent arrangement or measurement, offices and activities so as to make informed decision to consumers.

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Healthcare Service Delivery

A healthcare service delivery system entails coordination of individuals, organized institution, resources and facilities to deliver quality healthcare services to meet the demand of a target populace.

Healthcare delivery system comprises of the combination of health insurance companies, health employer groups, providers of healthcare and government agencies that work together to provide healthcare to a population.

The key aspects of healthcare delivery/primary healthcare includes;

1. Primary care (Physicians, Midwives and Nurses),
2. Health promotion, illness prevention,
3. Health maintenance and home support,
4. Community rehabilitation,
5. Pre-hospital emergency medical services,
6. Coordination and referral to other areas of healthcare.

The four major healthcare delivery models are;

1. Beveridge
2. Bismarck Healthcare,
3. National health insurance and,
4. Out of pocket model healthcare.

 

Health Service System

Health Service System delivery is a people centered health-care that is pointed and formed around individual health needs and expectations of large individuals, communities and populace rather than on disease.

Whereas patient centered health-care is commonly understood and pointed to individual healthcare (the patient), people-centered healthcare overrides those clinical/hospital care and also include attention to the health of people in their communities and their crucial role in shaping health policy and health services.

Integrated health services

Integrated health services goes beyond the management and delivery of quality and safe health services so that people receive a continuum of health promotion disease prevention, diagnosis, treatment, disease-management, rehabilitation and palliative care services, via the different levels and sites of care within the health system, and according to their needs throughout the life course.

World Health Organization

The World Health Organization is supporting countries in implementing individual-centered and integrated health services by way of developing policy, options, reform, strategies, evidence-based guidelines and best practices that can be tailored to various country settings.

CCMC Glossary of Terms Related to Healthcare Delivery Systems

Exclusive Provider Organization (EPO): An oversaw care plan that gives benefits just if care is delivered by suppliers inside a particular organization.

Health Maintenance Organization (HMO): An association that gives or orchestrates to inclusion of assigned health administrations required by plan individuals for a fixed prepaid charge. There are four fundamental models of HMOs: bunch model, singular practice affiliation (IPA), network model, and staff model. Under the Federal HMO Act an association should have the accompanying to consider itself a HMO: (1) a coordinated framework for giving healthcare in a geological zone, (2) a conceded to set of essential and supplemental health upkeep and treatment administrations, and (3) a willfully enlisted bunch of individuals.

Integrated Delivery System (IDS): A solitary association or bunch of partnered associations that gives a wide range of mobile and tertiary consideration and administrations. Care may likewise be given across different settings of the healthcare continuum.

Preferred Provider Organization (PPO): A program in which agreements are set up with suppliers of clinical consideration. Suppliers under a PPO contract are alluded to as favored suppliers. Generally the advantage contract gives fundamentally better advantages to administrations got from favored suppliers, in this manner urging individuals to utilize these suppliers. Covered people are for the most part permitted benefits for nonparticipating supplier administrations, ordinarily on a reimbursement premise with critical co-payments.

Point-Of-Service (POS) Plan: A sort of health plan permitting the covered individual to decide to get an assistance from a taking part or a nonparticipating supplier, with various advantage levels related with the utilization of taking part suppliers. Individuals as a rule pay generously greater expenses regarding expanded charges, deductibles, and coinsurance.

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Influence Of Universal Healthcare

healthcare picture showing phonendoscope on American tickets, boat of white pills, conceptual image

universal healthcare

All over the world, discussion on the universal healthcare system persistently influence the new headline. There had been several debates in support or against the decision of putting in place a system of healthcare where health services are available to all citizens.

         Universal healthcare is an issue discussed the whole world and it is something that had been adopted by several countries around the world, countries that adopted such practice includes Israel, Singapore, Netherlands, Canada and New Zealand, the universal healthcare offered by these countries differs from each other and this can be influenced by socioeconomic, political, cultural, geographical and climatic conditions and more.

A country can decide on how to fund its healthcare system in numerous ways, as a result of this, different Countries had adopted their own system of healthcare and had to decide on the mode or method of funding which best suit their method of guaranteed, steadily, continued and unrestricted universal healthcare service system.

Better care services can be made available to citizens in numerous ways, from providing someone in the northern Canada a better health services to giving someone in south the best available chance to receive the best care services.

     The problem many people face with health services are availability and funding, that is the ability to find the right services and the act to pay for cost of such services. In the United States, there are many diverse perception on the matter regarding universal healthcare reform. Since the US is one of the most industrialized nation currently without any form of universal healthcare system, it will be an interesting issue to discuss from all dimension.

This implies that, whether someone that lives in Washington is trying to get the best possible healthcare, or going to a hospital in New York or visiting the family doctor. It is essential for the average individual to feel a sort of protected and able to look for medical services despite their type of health insurance providers.

    Hence, if an individual suddenly fell ill that needs immediate attention, we might want to be able to afford the best health services around in the United States. But some individuals are not in good condition to pay for health services for themselves and for their relatives for some set of reasons. A country with effective universal healthcare system can possibly get rid of emergency health conditions, guarantee basic health and medical benefits to each individual and citizens.

Despite where you live or your place of work or the condition of your living, the issue of universal healthcare is bound to be essential to everyone and can have a major influence on how we live our lives.

Finally, quality care is essential to all citizens, big or small, thin or fat, young or old, white or black and so it is essential to seek for the diverse options available that best suit each individual.

So, if you live in the United States and you are currently looking for the Watseka healthcare, or you are currently receiving the best healthcare in the Southern Chicago suburbs or Wilmington Illinois, the issue of universal healthcare is bound to be raised. The type of plan and the mode of funding will continue to influence the point of discussion that effects how citizens and individuals can be assured access to quality health services despite their living condition.

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Keys to Efficient & Effective Healthcare Delivery

Worldwide, multiple factors cause the healthcare industry to be diverse and complicated. In the United States, the healthcare system is troubled by skyrocketing costs. In turn, the lack of affordability threatens the health, wellness and productivity for far too many.
There are three keys to delivering an efficient and effective healthcare delivery process.

Today, regulations, insurance restrictions and the interaction between clinician and patient drive treatment direction. The importance of “health
care” demands little margin for error. Achieving complete and accurate medical outcomes requires an efficient and effective healthcare delivery process.

The accelerating growth of medical knowledge cultivates the emphasis to improve the efficiency and effectiveness in the healthcare delivery process. Reducing unnecessary costs can provide hospitals and medical practices with the additional cash flow needed to re-invest in their people and or obtain new tools like the latest diagnostic technology. With all of the cost demands resulting in time pressures, what can healthcare professionals do to facilitate efficient and effective healthcare delivery process?

The first key to improving efficiency and effectiveness in healthcare delivery is defining and examining core, supporting and driving processes.
When a team comes together with the intention of documenting strategic direction and associated workflow processes, process consultants can assist the team with techniques on how to better align expectations, reduce unnecessary re-work and unnecessary wait time and make more effective use tools and technology. Clearly, this results in developing higher value for the clinicians and the patients because we focus our efforts on necessary and valuable activities.

Another key is leveraging tools and technology. Each year millions of dollars are spent on Electronic Medical Record systems and Integrated Healthcare Management systems. These technologies offer tools to manage and share healthcare data with high-speed computer networks and mobile devices to ensure favorable treatment outcomes and improve care delivery on a case-by-case basis. More extensive instrumentation, inter connectivity, and intelligence in the management of medical data and information can improve the efficacy of examination, diagnosis, and treatment at the point of care. The fact that these tools and techniques are being used within the healthcare industry is great for the ultimate success of the industry; however, few businesses access these tools due to cost and resistance to change.

The third and most important key is understanding the appetite of the current culture for change. Many tools exist to understand leadership styles, communication and learning preferences. Integrating human resource values such as involving folks in decisions that impact them requires clinical leadership to integrate the voice of the employees within leadership strategies. Other organizational driving and constraining forces must also be assessed. Cultural change tools lead us to apply the appropriate communication, coaching, training, and measurement techniques to lead and reinforce necessary change.

Given the number and diversity of participants as well as the complexity of healthcare delivery process, implementing these keys uncovers the need for an objective party to initiate, facilitate, and integrate a sustainable efficient and effective healthcare delivery process. For the healthcare industry, the time to act is now. Healthcare organizations that move aggressively to implement the process improvements, appropriate tools and technologies and cultural change techniques will achieve cost-effective results and improve interactions with their staff and health outcomes for the care of their patients.

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Healthcare Information Technology….

The healthcare industry this days is evolving fast, the former notion that information technology innovation had nothing to do in this industry is dead and gone. Just like any other field, database innovation had likewise discovered its role in the healthcare industry.

Healthcare information technology offer a lot of merits by fastening medical procedures, improving quality of healthcare Administration and also clinical and patient security. Information technology is steadily welcomed, that the healthcare information technology provisions is mainly for the advantage of health experts and hospitals.

The healthcare IT systems helps in timely delivery of services, cash and additionally add to the overall profits of the training.

In any way, is all round a different thing from what is expected, healthcare information technology systems are also very useful to individual patients also in treatments.

  • Health Administration

One thing that had always steadily caused concern in the healthcare business is the quality of health administration. Poor admin make lots of people who visit healthcare service to worry. This had lead to stress experienced by patients that need urgent attention.

For example, in the United States investigations made before shows the Administrative and medical carelessness in some structures had lead to the third most note worthy reason for most death. A situation like this is very disturbing. Provisions of healthcare information technology are now giving new expectancy and improvements in achieving quality healthcare administration and also helping to guarantee patient health and security of life.

  • Increased Speedy Health Services delivery & Accuracy

Healthcare information framework help to remove the time spent on processing services and lost for health experts, this will finally add to the income of the whole training.

In other words, the major role that healthcare information technology framework need to play, is to minimize and control medical mistakes. Healthcare information technology cases like the executive programming, charging programming, practice the executives programming and so on, are created in such a way that a lot of functionality that can enhance improvements in quality healthcare administration and security of patient.

  • Correct Database Keeping

Generally, the whole board of healthcare practice is something that is not well arranged, it includes a lot of errands directly from patients enrollment, patient database, conclusion, lab test, treatment and guaranteed accommodation and so on. These rigorous procedures is protracted in such a manner that there are frequent odds of committing mistakes, which at the end might be exceptionally destructive/cause death for the patient. Mostly, medical carelessness is caused by frequent inadequate patient history, wrong database, and database availability postponement during crisis.

Healthcare IT framework help in guarantee, correct and appropriate keeping of patient information. The data is stored in a logical way thereby making it progressively important for the healthcare experts. This type of data is not static in nature, nevertheless, a lot of accelerated functionality guarantee handling of information into some significant data that can be used in adhering to a meaningful boundary of treatment.

Each one of these capabilities of healthcare information technology provisions result into progress in the quality of healthcare administration and patient health.

Healthcare information technology creators are care IT arrangement advisors with long term of involvement with the healthcare business.

Presently, the creators are busy with offering specialized healthcare IT services and guidance at no cost or medical practices to hospitals.

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Healthcare Evolution & Trends

The model trends in the healthcare system have been changing over the period of time. The old trend gave importance to the individual patients and the emphasis was on treating illness. The goal of the hospitals was to do inpatient admissions, fill up the beds and more emphasis was given to acute inpatient care. The role of managers in the old paradigm was to run the organization and coordinate services. In the old system, all providers were essentially the same. The hospitals, physicians and health plans were separate and not integrated.

The newer trends that evolved gave importance to the population as a whole. It not only treated illness, but emphasized on promoting the wellness of the people. The goals of the healthcare system after being transformed over the years is to provide care at all levels which is continued. The role of managers in the new paradigm is more broad. They see the market and help in quality and continued improvement. They not only run the organization, but also go beyond the organizational boundaries. In the evolving system, the providers are differentiated according to their ability. The hospitals, physicians and health plans have formed an integrated delivery system.

One of the current trend in the healthcare delivery model is that continued care is emphasized. The key professionals are not only treating patients for their illness, but they are promoting and managing quality of health. For example, a patient with high cholesterol visits a doctor. He is not only given one-on-one medical treatment, but he is also offered to attend a group session where information is provided on how lifestyle and behavioral change can help. The patients learn from the clinicians and also from each other. Another current trend is to take care of the health of the defined population and not only individual patients. All the health needs of the population as a whole are identified and served. It is emphasized that the community uses the health and social services provided. Healthcare has become more population-based. Another trend that has evolved is that the hospitals, physicians and health plans have got connected and have formed an integrated delivery system. More investments are being made with a goal of providing services to the customers and retaining them.

There is a beneficial impact in the transformation of healthcare towards emphasizing continued health. The way healthcare has been viewed in the past has been changing. The shifting of care from treating acute illnesses to providing continued care is resulting in enhancement of the health of the people. The only appropriate and feasible model is to provide a continuum of care with the emphasis firmly on the family and community. The health of the population and community is considered as a whole. This is advantageous as it creates value in the healthcare delivery system. The healthcare providers work with the community as a whole and consider to improve the health of the general population. Even though this requires new kinds of ways of organizing and managing healthcare services, it helps in understanding the health needs of the target population. By studying their needs, the right health and social services could be provided to them. Examples of promoting wellness of the whole community are organizing health campaigns and providing preventive education to the people in general. Another example is providing awareness about flu vaccines and encouraging people to get the vaccination.

Integrating the healthcare delivery system has led to certain advantages to the patients. For example, they can be offered alternative sites of care depending on their convenience. It helps in meeting the needs of the customers and their preferences which is taken into account. The number of providers are expanded and the patients get to have a choice. The relationship between providers and health plans are organized in the current trend and this ensures that the right care is provided in a convenient way to the customers.

There are defined budgets and expenditure targets for the populations which implies that there is a need to be efficient and productive. The formation of strategic alliances, networks, systems and physician groups can also add value. There are capitated payments and budgets allotted to the healthcare organizations. These are used to provide care to the defined population. The organization might like to improve on the payments and budgets as the expenditures of the companies increase. This results in the management to make decisions like forming strategic alliances with other organizations and increase the total resources. The growth of such networks will help in providing better care to the customers. Financial resources greatly influence the efficiency and productivity of the organization.

The aging population is influencing the healthcare delivery. There is increased demand for primary care of people over 65 years and for chronic care of people over 75. The ethnic and cultural diversity is also influencing the healthcare delivery. This provides a challenge in meeting patient expectations on one hand and diverse workforce on the other. Biological and clinical sciences have met with technological advances and have led to new treatment modalities. This has led to open new treatment sites and manage across the organization. External forces change the supply of certain areas of health professionals like physical therapy and some areas of nursing. The management needs to compensate for such shortages and they need to develop different teams of caregivers at different work sites. Changes in education of health professionals implies that the management be more creative in offering healthcare services. With an increase in diseases like AIDS and morbidity from drugs and violence, there is more and more need to work with community agencies, form social support systems and there is a need for more chronic care management. Advances in information technology is another area where there is a need to train the healthcare employees in new advances. They also need to manage issues of confidentiality and rapid information transfer. Increasing expansion of world economy has led to more competitive management of strategic alliances, care of patients across the nations and of different cultures.

Current environmental trends impact the healthcare delivery model. Organization’s success depends on its external and internal environment. The complex environments made up of uncertainties and heterogeneity of components leads to different organizational designs. The current environmental trends influence managerial and organizational decision making. The unique challenges facing the healthcare delivery organizations should be analyzed in order to develop and implement new and effective operational processes and strategies. As an impact of current environmental trends, the healthcare delivery system needs to improve individual, team, and organizational accountability and performance. The impact of advances in medical knowledge and information technology on the process of healthcare delivery should also be examined, and it should be leveraged to improve quality of care, process and cost controls, and revenue. New strategies would need to be identified and implemented for learning and performance improvement to create a culture that supports accountability, safety, and high-quality care. Innovative models in healthcare delivery would also be required in order to develop and implement strategies that promote organizational success and competitiveness.

Due to the current environmental trends, more emphasis is given to the customers and there is more of a patient-focused care. The healthcare delivery model has been shifting to the community based care. There has been an increased modification in care processes. The traditional ways are being challenged and more experiments are being performed to fulfill the demands to improve the quality of care. Due to the shift in the environmental trends in the healthcare delivery model, more emphasis is given to quality improvement. This will help improve the performance levels of key processes in the organization. The performance levels are being measured, the defects are eliminated and new features are being added to meet the customer’s need efficiently.

There is a new emerging contemporary trend in the U.S. healthcare system. Presently, the management research and assessment have been offered increased recognition. The emerging trend seen is that this is slowly forming an integral part of managerial and organizational effectiveness. With the emerging efforts in information management, it is leading towards clinical and financial networking. The trend seen among the physicians and nurses is that they are being increasingly involved in managerial activities. The managerial trends are also changing with respect to role performance and changing values. The managers role is getting more and more recognized in managing finance and human resources. Management training, lifelong and distance learning is being offered in preparing future managers.

The healthcare executives and managers will be faced with the major responsibility and challenge in the years ahead. They will be working with other healthcare providers and will be creating a competitive future for their organizations. They will not only be managing organizations but also a network of markets, services and joint ventures. Formation of more and more strategic alliances and partnerships will lead the management to manage across boundaries. The management will change from managing a department to managing the continuum of care. The management will be following a community-based approach. Trend in management is also shifting from just coordinating services to providing improvements in quality.

As the demands in healthcare are increasing, the management is responsible for forming performance standards. The management is also challenged to maximize the productivity and quality to serve the health needs of the community. The management is looking after the demands of the external environment as well as attending to the performance of the internal environment. The management is responsible for the performance of the organization.

Healthcare organization leadership will be responding to new trends and competitive forces. It will respond to continuum of care, overall health status of the population and more complex organizational structures. These emerging trends in the healthcare system will effect the organization’s leadership. The future managers would need leadership skills and vision to integrate the organizations and help in providing the best care. The managers will have to be committed to leadership and work on giving their organizations the best place and help their organizations adapt to the changing circumstances. More value will be given to leaders who will be able to lead the change process. As changes are inevitable for the betterment of the organization, the leaders should be able to identify how the change is to be received and how it is to be communicated at all levels of the organization without damaging the implementation process. The leaders might have to deal with increased pressures due to organizational complexity.

The leader in the organization provides strategic direction to the organization, manages diverse stakeholders, becomes mentors for management, is willing to take risks, helps the organization interact with the external environment and attends to the internal needs as well. Where required the leader will involve physicians in governance process and align physician and organizational interests. There will be a need for formation of learning organizations. Transformation leadership will create the required vision for the organization. Leaders will have a greater role complexity and they themselves will have to adjust rapidly to new situations. The healthcare organization leadership will have to live up to the values of the organization and will help in fulfilling the mission of the organization.

Individuals and groups within the healthcare organizations require more and more competencies. An enhanced lifelong learning is required due to the fast, changing environment. The individuals and groups within the healthcare organizations will be benefited as there will be rapidly developing medical technologies which will result in increased services. More sophisticated health services will be provided to the consumers. The range and quality of services provided will be regulated for the benefit of people requiring home care, long term care and ambulatory care. The anticipated future development will also result in the increased competition among the health services organization. The individuals and groups will be involved more and more with the community for issues like drug abuse, teenage pregnancy and violence.

Individuals and groups will be faced with increased strategic planning and management in the healthcare organizations as there will be ever increasing involvement by the trustees and physicians. As the future environment in the organizations will be more complex, the individuals and groups in the healthcare organizations might feel more pressurized. They will need to serve the changing demands of the community as the population of elderly patients will increase. These individuals will require more professional training, increased levels of education and should be taking part in continuing education programs.

Due to the anticipated future development in the healthcare organizations, those individuals and groups will be valued, who are adaptable, committed, are able to add value and embrace change. These individuals will be required to experiment more and help in redefining the mission and goals of the healthcare organizations.

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