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Problems Of Overweight & Obesity

These terms overweight and obesity can be described as the accumulation of excess or abnormal fat in the body that may impact the health state of an individual negatively.
In adults, the Body Mass Index (BMI) is a simple parameter for weight and height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obese individuals weight in kilogram(kg) by the square of his/her height in meters(m^2). BMI = kg / m2.

For Adults,

World Health Organization(WHO) defines obesity and overweight as follows;
Obesity is a BMI greater than or equal to 30kg / m2 and,
Overweight as a BMI greater than or equal to 25kg / m2.
BMI is a way of measuring overweight and obesity for taking population based measurement, and is the same for every adult both male and female of all age. But, this should be taken as a rough guide because it may not be the same data in all individuals.

For Children,

Age needs to be considered when defining overweight and obesity here.
For children under the age of 5;
Overweight is weight-for-height greater than 2 standard deviations and above, HWO child growth standards median; and
Obesity is weight-for-height greater than 3 standard deviations and above, the WHO child growth standards median.

A different case goes for children 5-19years of age, here overweight and obesity is defined as follows;
Overweight is BMI for age greater than 1 standard deviation and above the WHO growth reference median; and
Obesity is greater than 2 standard deviations and above the WHO growth reference median.

Facts On Overweight And Obesity

Around 2016; about 13% of the total world population was seen as obese, out of these figures, 11% where men while 15% where women. Around the same time about 41million children below 15years where obese, while 340 million children between age 5-19years where overweight. Obesity has for long been seen as an issue for high-income countries. Anyway, things are presently changing as there has as of late been an ascent in weight on both middle and low pay countries as well. For example, since 2000 there has been an increase in addition of weight related cases in Africa where the number has been heightening with an expected estimation of half in children. In Asia, about portion of children younger than age 5 where viewed as overweight or obese in information gathered in 2016. More death have been connected to obesity and overweight when compared with death from underweight related cases.

Causes Of Overweight & Obesity
The main cause of overweight and obesity is energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories spent. Worldwide, there has been; * an increased consumption of energy-dense food that are high in fat and sugar and * an increase in physical inactivity due to the increasing sedentary nature of many forms of work, changing models of transportation, and increasing urbanization.
Changes in dietary and physical activities(exercise) patterns are usually the result of environmental and social changes associated with development and lack of supportive policies in sectors like urban planning, agriculture, marketing, health, transport, food processing, environment, education and distribution.

Health Problems Associated With Overweight & Obesity
An increase in BMI level can lead to some noncommunicable diseases like;
* Diabetes(kidney & colon ),
* Cardiovascular disease(heart disease and stroke) these cause death,
* Musculoskeletal disorders(osteoarthritis),
* Cancer(breast, prostate, liver, kidney, colon, ovarian and so on).
The problem of the disease has additionally been found to increase with the expansion in the level of BMI.
A few in-capacities and unexpected losses have been connected to youth overweight where children develop to adulthood with the condition.
Obese kids additionally experience difficulty in breathing, hypertension and opposition in insulin, crack increase and mental impacts. Overweight, obesity and other non-transmittable ailment can be counteracted. A people group and condition, which is steady, are enter in the forming of people groups decisions. Individuals  can settle on the best decision as far as eating more beneficial nourishment s and standard physical activities, which will come full circle to decrease and avoidance of obese and overweight related issue. Privately, someone can increase the intake of fat and sugary sustenance s and increase the intake of vegetables, organic products, nuts and grains. People ought to likewise participate in quality exercises.

The food processing industry can play a major role in promoting healthy diets by;

* Reducing the fat, sugar and salt content of processed food,
* Ensuring that healthy and nutritious choices are available and affordable to all consumers.
* Restricting marketing of food high in sugars, salt and fats, especially those food aimed at children and teenagers; and
* Ensuring the availability of healthy food choices and supporting regular physical activity practice in the workplace.

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Problem Of Obesity And It’s Solutions

Obesity is a serious health condition caused by the accumulation of excess fat in the body, the weight of an obese individual is always higher than the normal or a healthy body weight,a normal body weight will have BMI range from 18.5-24.9kg/m^2, it is different from overweight which is excess weight, which can happen from weight that come from muscle, bone, fat and body water. Body Mass Index(BMI) is used to measure obesity.

Adult Body Mass Index Body Mass Index(BMI) is a person’s weight in kilogram (kg) divided by the square of his/her height in meters.

BMI=weight(kg)/hxh(m^2) in kg/m^2 If your body mass index is above 30kg/m^ 2, you are said to be obese.

Obese can be classified into three different types, which are class I, class ll, and class lll obesity, a class one obesity has a BMI 30-35kg/m^2, class two obesity has a BMI range from 35-40kg/m^2 while class three obesity has a BMI 40 and above. The Class ll and III obesity can be further classified into severe obesity of BMI >35 or 40kg/m^2, or morbid obesity having a BMI >40-44.9kg/m^2, and a super obesity having a BMI >40 or 50kg/m^2.

It is caused commonly by excess consumption of food and non or lack of exercise or physical activities, the consumption of excess fat and sugary food is a major contributor to obesity. Obese individuals have greater energy expenditure than their normal counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body weight. A very small percentage of obesity is caused primarily by genetics, medical reasons or psychiatric illness and other factors like smoking, hormonal dis-function, insufficient sleep, pregnancy etc.

Hence, it is associated with some health problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus type 2, obstructive sleep apena, death and some types of cancer, osteoarthritis of the knee and asthma. Obesity has been found to reduce life expectancy. Individuals with obesity are often stigmatized against in work places, buses, transportation companies and in some cultures, it is referred to as a disease, there are places where obese are charged extra for space and weight compared to their normal counterparts.

Finally, this problem can be managed by treatments that consist of reduced intake of low calorie diet for weight loss and increased exercise or physical activities. A combination of exercise and consuming lower food energy diet permanently will lead to weight loss in the long run. In the short-term, low carbohydrate diet appear better than fat diets for weight loss. In the lung run; however, all types of low-carbohydrate and low-fat diet appear equally beneficial for weight loss. Reduction in the consumption of sugary, processed and packaged food and drinks will also be helpful for weight loss. In general, a reduction in calories to 1200-1500 and increased physical activities will be helpful in solving obese or related problem, you can follow the direction on this blog for more on how to lose weight. There are other treatments of severe obesity like bariatric surgery which include laparascopic adjustable gastric binding, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, vertical sleeve gastectomy and billiopancreatic diversion, this helps in reduced caloric intake by limiting the size of the stomach.

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Improve Your Health & Avoid Heart Attack

You need to know what you are doing at a particular point. That is the reason why the following health risk awareness questionnaire was created. It is designed to give you an idea of your overall health especially your risk of heart attack or stroke. You may think you need to lose weight, stop smoking or increase your physical activity, or maybe you need to pay attention to other things. Consult your doctor if you feel you are at a risk of having a heart attack or stroke.

Health Risk Awareness Test

The following factors may increase your risk of heart attack or stroke. Check all the items that apply to you. If you check two or more items on this test, you need to contact your doctors for full health assessment.

When it comes to heart attack or stroke, the following may increase your risk:

  1. AGE: Are you a man over 45 years old? Are you a woman over 55 years old or you passed menopause or had your ovaries removed and you not taking estrogen.
  2. MEDICAL HISTORY: You have coronary heart disease or you have had a heart attack. You have been told that you have cartoid artery disease or you have had a stroke of a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or you have a disease of the leg arteries.
  3. FAMILY HISTORY: Your father, brother, mother or sister has had a heart attack. You have a close relative who has had a stroke.
  4. SMOKE TOBACCO AND CIGARETTE: You smoke or you live or work with people who smoke everyday.
  5. TOTAL BLOOD CHOLESTEROL AND HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN (HDL) CHOLESTEROL: Your cholesterol level is 240mg/dl or higher. Your HDL (good) cholesterol level is lower than 40mg/dl. You do not know your total cholesterol or HDL levels.
  6. BLOOD PRESSURE: Your blood pressure is 140/90mm Hg or higher or you have been told your blood pressure is too high. You do not know what your blood pressure is .
  7. EXERCISE: You don’t get a total of 30 minutes of physical exercise at least three to four days each week.
  8. OVER BODY WEIGHT: You are 20 pounds or more overweight for your height and built.
  9. DIABETES: You have diabetes or you have a fasting sugar of 126mg/dl or higher or you need medicine to control your blood sugar.

Health Risk Awareness Test Result

If you checked Age, Medical History or Family History, consult your family doctor for total checking if you have not done so in the past especially if you are 65 or older; at this age bracket 70 percent of heart attack occur. People who have a heart attack before 65yrs often have a strong family history of heart diseases or stroke. If you have had a heart attack, you are at greater risk of having another.

You need to check the following:

  1. SMOKING.

Smoking is the single greatest preventable cause of death in any country. The sooner you quit smoking the sooner you will lower your risk.

  1. BLOOD CHOLESTEROL.

Medical research shows that patients with high cholesterol of 240mg/dl or more have greater risk of heart attack than persons with cholesterol level of 200mg/dl. Get your cholesterol level checked by your doctor and if it is higher than normal, then discuss how diet, exercise, weight loss and medication can better your condition.

  1. BLOOD PRESSURE.

High blood pressure is often called the silent killer because it usually has no symptoms yet can result in heart attack or stroke. In fact, high blood pressure is the single most important risk factor for stroke. People with high blood pressure may need to change diet, lose weight, exercise, quit or reduce alcohol and also take medicine to normalize blood pressure.

  1. PHYSICAL INACTIVITY.

Choose exercise you enjoy and be sure you get a total of 30 minutes of physical activity three or more days a week to get started. Physical activity will help reduce your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. It helps lower blood pressure and blood cholesterol.

  1. BODY WEIGHT.

Obesity is a risk factor that can lead to death, heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, diabetes, and some types of cancer. Losing 10-20 pounds can help lower high blood pressure and total blood cholesterol and help control diabetes in some people.

  1. DIABETES.

Several other factors for heart attack and stroke interact in diabetes. Obesity and physical inactivity are also risk factors of diabetes. Your blood pressure should be lower than 130/85 mm Hg. To control diabetes, you may need to change your eating habits, lose weight, increase your physical activity level and take drugs. It’s critically important to have regular checkups.

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Diabetes Causes, Effects & Solutions

Doctor Using Glucometer On Patient's Finger Checking Diabetes.

Testing Blood Sugar

 

In the United States alone, there are 18. 2 million individuals living with diabetes. While another 13 million individuals are as of now determined to have this disease.

About Diabetes:

It originates from the Greek word ‘Diabeinain’. That signifies ‘To go through’ discussing extensive pee, and Mellitus from your Latin word signifying ‘Improved together with nectar’. These two terms connote improved pee or maybe sugar in pee.

Diabetes is a sickness when the body does not produce or legitimately utilize Insulin. Insulin is a hormone which controls the rate at which starch, sugar and other nourishment are changed into glucose. An organ called pancreas created and discharged the hormone into the blood. Insulin keeps up the blood glucose level inside a typical range.

Subsequent to having a dinner the liver stores the glucose from the supper as glycogen and discharges it into the blood in the middle of dinners. Job of insulin is the control of this stockpiling and arrival of glucose. It guarantees that the measure of glucose in the blood at every specific time does not go past or beneath the typical range.

Kinds Of Diabetes:

As indicated by the World Well-being Association, 5 classes of this disease are perceived.

These are:

1. Insulin Subordinate or Type I Diabetes

2. Non Insulin Subordinate or Type II Diabetes

3. Gestational Diabetes

4. Diabetes Insipidus

5. Bronze Diabetes

1. Insulin Subordinate or Type I Diabetes: Type One assaults kids and youthful grown-ups and is portrayed by the pancreas which neglecting to create insulin, which is a hormone that separates sugars and starches while changing over them into vitality.

2. Non Insulin Subordinate  or Type II Diabetes: Type Two happens later in a grown-ups life and is portrayed by the pancreas being not able create enough insulin because of a few components.

3. Gestational Diabetes: This sort of malady happens amid pregnancy and vanishes after conveyance, inside 3 weeks. An expected 3% of all pregnancies are joined by gestational diabetes and half of these patients are inclined to creating changeless type of this disease later in their life.

4. Diabetes Insipidus  is an uncommon issue where the body utilized the framework to control its water levels winds up disturbed.

5. Bronze Diabetes  is a hereditary issue caused by an over capacity of iron in the body which prompts organ harm, including harm to the pancreas makes the patient create this disease.

Reason for being diabetic:

No obvious reason is normally credited to the most pervasive sort of diabetes. A few variables can build one’s odds of getting diabetes and these might be called hazard factors. A few elements are given beneath:

Corpulence: Around 75% of all Kind II diabetes influenced people are fat. Thus, heftiness might be a reason for getting diabetes.

Family ancestry: A family ancestry of this ailment expands one’s odds of getting the illness.

Absence of adequate exercise: Lacking and sporadic exercise may expand odds of getting to have this problem.

History of Gestational Diabetes: For this situation, a lady likewise expands her plausibility of creating perpetual diabetes further down the road.

Tests Help Analyze This disease:

There are two, primary tests utilized for deciding whether or not a man has glucose prejudice:

1. Fasting Plasma Glucose Test

2. Oral Glucose Resistance Test

Preventing this disease
It has no changeless fix once it creates, it is dealt with all through life. In any case, you can counteract regularly falling into this deep rooted torment.

The following tips may diminish the chances of this disease.

1. Do adequate exercise.

2. Decreasing body weight and additionally fat and keeping up an average body weight is extremely basic. In this way, diminish weight.

3. Pick entire grains and entire grain items over very prepared starches.

4. Avoid the sugary beverages, and pick water, espresso, or tea.

5. Pick great fats rather than terrible fats.

6. Point of confinement red meat.

7. Pick nuts, poultry, or fish.

8. Tobacco smoke contains a few toxic substances. Along these lines, quit smoking.

9. Lessen salt admission.

10. Screen your glucose level.

A few changes in way of life, for example, ordinary exercise, keeping up a moderate body weight, decrease of fat admission and high fiber diet all assistance to carry on with a typical sound life. These measures are perceived to expand insulin affect-ability and in addition diminish pulse.

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Effect Of Diabetes On The Kidney

Diabetes monitor, Cholesterol diet and healthy food eating nutritional concept with clean fruits in nutritionist's heart dish and patient's  blood sugar control record with diabetic measuring tool kit

Diabetes And Your Kidneys.

Diabetes and our kidneys, taking good care of our kidney, the form of diabetes that effect the kidney is diabetic nephropathy. It is a serious complication of type 1 and 2 diabetes. It is also called diabetic kidney disease.  It is a form of complication of diabetes that can require medical attention for instance dialysis if appropriate health attention is not provided.

The Work Of The Human Kidney

The human kidney removes wastes and extra fluid from the body. Our kidney also removes acid that is produced in the cells of our body and maintain a healthy balance of water, salt and minerals like sodium, calcium, phosphorus and potassium in the blood. The kidney act as a sieve in the body, removing the pollution in the blood  which are then passed out in the pee. They have to work very fine steadily, they have to work efficiently without being effected by any form of disease.

Bad Influence Of Diabetes On The Kidney

Diabetes effects the health state of the kidney negatively. It influences the sieving limit, thus resulting in increase amount of poison in the circulation system. This can be destructive to patients health. One such items that is sifted through the kidney when it’s influenced by diabetes is protein. Frankly speaking, one of the main sign that diabetic condition is influencing the kidneys is the present of little measure of protein in the pee. This is normally an infinitesimal sum and is called microalbuminuria.  The increase in protein in the pee can cause a patient to start to become powerless. Apart from this, excess sieving of protein through the kidney can put a heavy load on it, resulting to kidney disappointment as time goes on.

Symptoms Of Diabetes

At the onset, of diabetic nephropathy, you would most likely not experience any sign or symptoms. In later stages, sign and symptoms may include:
(i) Presence of protein in urine,
(ii) Increased blood pressure
(iii) Frequent urination
(iv) Swelling of feet, ankles, heads or eyes, (v) Loss of appetite,
(vi) Shortness of breath,
(vii) Confusion, (viii) Decreased need for insulin, (ix) Fatigue,
(x) Nausea and vomiting,
(xi) Persistent itching,
(xii) Hypertension.

Despite diabetes effecting the kidney, hypertension can also have an additional impact. Hypertension regularly happens simultaneously with diabetic condition. The two together put a lot of weight on kidney, and this increases the danger of heart problems and stroke.
Just in case that you realize the side effect of hypertension and diabetes all the time, you should play it safe to secure your kidney whenever left untreated, you put your kidneys in danger of damaging, and increasing the chances of requiring early dialysis.

Causes Of Diabetes Nephropathy

Diabetes nephropathy results when diabetes damages blood vessels and other cells in the kidney.

When To See A Specialist

Book an appointment with your specialist if you had any sign or symptoms of kidney disease. If you are living with diabetes visit your doctor yearly – or as recommended – for test that measure kidney function.

Treating Diabetic Nephropathy

* The first step is following the right way of life rules that encourage to control both glucose and circulatory strains.
* Stopping the intake of sugars, desserts, squeezes and salt are altogether exhorted.
* Regular exercises as oxygen consuming action is suggested according to the rules set by the American Heart Affiliation.

Drugs for taking care of both diabetes and the kidney are presently available and must be taken as recommended. In any way, now and then notwithstanding your absolute best endeavors, it is Conceivable to take deficient medications that should be changed by the clinical reaction seen. For some time, if all medication fails to correct the kidneys, at this point dialysis may be needed.

Risk Factors Of Diabetes Nephropathy
Individuals living with diabetes can increase their risk of the disease with the following factors;
* Being a smoker, * Obesity, * High blood cholesterol, * Uncontrolled high blood sugar, * Uncontrolled high blood pressure, * Heredity of diabetes and kidney disease.

Complications Includes;
* Sore foot, erectile dysfunction, * Damage to blood vessels of the eye,
* Fluid retention, * Increase in blood potassium levels, * Cardiovascular disease,
* Decreased number of red blood cells, * Pregnancy complications,
* Bone and mineral disorders, * Irreversible damage to the kidneys.

Prevention
* Don’t smoke, *  Maintain a healthy weight,
* Follow your medical prescription precisely,
* Manage high blood pressure, * Manage high blood sugar,
* Treat your diabetes and,  * Always visit your specialist.

Finally, diabetes and kidney problems can be solved by changing our way of life and medications. Make haste to pursue the instruction given to you by your doctor to your best.

Are you at risk for diabetes? Get a Diabetes Screening TODAY!

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