Healthcare Parts, Access, Factors

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healthcare



Healthcare, health-care or health care is maintain or improving of well-being through prevention, diagnosis, treatment, recovering or care of disease, illness, injuries and physical and mental problems in individuals.

Healthcare is delivered by health professionals and allied health fields

PARTS OF HEALTHCARE INCLUDE:-

i.  Nursing
ii. Medicine,
iii. Dentistry  
iv. Pharmacy   
v. midwifery,
vi. optometry, 
vii.  Audiology,
viii. Physiology
ix. Occupational Therapy
x. Physical Therapy
xi. Athletic training
xiii. Other health experts.

It includes effort in providing primary, secondary, tertiary and public healthcare.

Access to healthcare might vary between countries, territory, towns, communities and peoples, it can be influenced by socioeconomic conditions and health polices. The provision of health care services means the use of personal health services to achieve quality health-care at the shortest possible time.

FACTORS TO CONSIDER IN HEALTHCARE ARE:

1. Finance (insurance coverage) 
2. Distances (proximity)    
3. Personal limitation (literacy level, communication, low income)

These factors effect the delivery of quality healthcare

Healthcare systems are groups of non-governmental organization put in place to meet health needs of a particular people. A well established healthcare system requires good finance framework, well trained and paid health experts workforce, reliable information database and well maintained facilities to deliver quality medicines and technology.

A country with  quality health care system will see positive contribution to her economy, development and industrialization. Healthcare is regarded very important  in determining the general physical and mental health of the whole world.

TYPES OF MODERN HEALTHCARE DELIVERY(health can be either public in private)

first, the delivery of modern health care relies on groups of trained health and para-health professional who come together as a team to deliver health services. This include professionals in medicine, psychology, physiotherapy, nursing, dentist, midwife and allied health experts along with public, community health practitioners and assistive personal. Who work together to provide personal and population based preventive, cure and rehabilitative care services.

Despite the fact that definition for healthcare may vary depending on culture, politics organization and discipline, there is general agreement that primary care is the first element of a continuing healthcare process and may include the provision of secondary and tertiary healthcare.

Primary Care

This is the first of contact for all patients in the health system such professional can either be a nurse, doctor , general practitioner, primary care physician licensed health individual in on the type of illness, the present can be referred for a secondary or tertiary care. Primary care involves urgent medical care for individuals/patience of all ages, health, condition they treats very broad types of illness and disease boil acute and chronic ones as a result of this, they provider needs to possess a wide knowledge in many areas. They teach health education and also disease prevention to the public and community find out the zonal control number of you local primary care provider for emergency cases.

Secondary care

This includes acute care, important treatment for short period of time for a brief but serious illness. Injury or other health condition. This care can be found in emergency department of hospitals. Secondary healthcare include skilled attendance during  child birth, intensive care and medical imaging services. A Secondary health-care professional may or may not work in the hospital depending on the national healthcare policy, eg. A dental specialist, physiotherapy, psychiatrists, psychologist, etc.

Tertiary care

This depend on referral from primary or secondary care, it is a specialized consultative services. It is an advanced medical investigation and treatment eg. Cancer management, neurosurgery, cardiac surgery , plastic surgery and so on .

Quaternary care

This is an extension of tertiary health care, it is advanced level of highly specialized and not widely used medicine. And some uncommon experimental and surgical procedure and as such it is limited.

Home and community care

This is care away from the hospital like health education. Prevention education food safety, needle exchanged program, self and home care, social care, community rehabilitation, care for aged schools healthcare and so on.

Ratings

Health care rating are rating or evaluation of healthcare used to evaluate the process and quality of care and health care structure and healthcare services.

Related sectors

Sectors related health care system are as follows:

 1.Health care industry
 2.Health care research
 3.Health care financing
4. Administration and regulatory
5. Health information and technology.

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