Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity – WHO (World Health Organization)
THE HISTORY OF HEALTH
The meaning of health has evolved/changed over the years. In the biomedical perspective, health definition is focused on mainly the body’s ability to function; well-being was seen as a state of normal body function that could be disrupted by disease from time to time. An example of the biomedical definition is “a state characterized by anatomic, physiologic and psychological integrity; ability to perform personally valued family, work and community roles; ability to deal with physical, biological, psychological and social stress.
The current WHO definition of health as stated above was proposed in 1948. But then it was described as a radical departure from the biomedical definition of health, and as such it was welcomed by some health expert as innovative, it was also criticized by other health experts as vague, excessively broad and not measurable. As a result, this definition of health by the WHO was abandoned and the biomedical definition of health was used for a long time.
In 1984, the WHO revised the definition of health, defined it as the Extent to which people or group realizes their aspirations and satisfy needs and to change or cope with the environment. So well-being is a resources not an objective of living; it is a positive concept, emphasizing social and personal resources as well as physical capacities”. Hence, well-being is the ability to maintain homeostasis and recover from problems. Mental, intellectual, emotional and social well-being referred to a person’s ability to handle stress, acquire skills, maintain relationships all those form resources for resiliency and independent relationships.
In the United States, the federal health people program has been a visible content to approach and improving population well-being. Every ten years, a new version of healthy people initiative is issued; which includes new set goals, topic areas, objectives for well-being improvement in the succeeding years. The healthy people 2020 give more prominence to well-being promotion, prevention methods and the importance of social well-being. The use of newly expanded digital interface rather than bulky printed books, the impact of these well-being changes will be determined in the future.
Promotion of good health, cure and prevention of well-being Problems in human beings are undertaken by healthcare provider’s were ‘as animal health and undertaken by veterinary science/medicine.
The term health is broadly applied to organizations and their impact on human life, example healthy communities, and healthy cities/environments. Besides well-being interventions and environment other factor that influence well-being of people include background, lifestyle and economic, social condition and beliefs all of these are regarded as determinant of well-being. Stress can also cause ill health.
DETERMINANTS OR FACTORS OF GOOD HEALTH
The wages of life of an individual is very important for this well-being status and quality of life. Practically, good well-being is maintained not based on health science but also on smart and in termed decision of individual societies. According to WHO, the main determinant of health include socio-economic environment, the people’s environment characteristics and behaviors.
Specifically, factors that influence health are;
1. Income and social status,
2. Social support network,
3. Education and literacy level,
4. Work condition,
5. Social environments,
6. Physical environments,
7. Healthy practices,
10. Health-care service,
11. Biology and genetics,
12. Healthy child development and so on.
TYPES OF HEALTH INCLUDES
Health can be either physical or mental health, spiritual, emotional and financial well-being also contribute to small health.
Good health can be preserved through living a healthful lifestyle rather than waiting for sickness or disease to come before addressing health problems. Some individuals use the term wellness to describe a continual state of improved well-being.
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